The world has faced the fact that the risk of torture and ill-treatment exists in all countries of the world.
UN human rights bodies and mechanisms have evolved and brought to light every country’s profile in implementing international human rights norms; and the Universal Periodic Review has published a regular recommendation of States to fellow States: ratify and implement the two anti-torture treaties.
The human rights movement has developed in promising directions: the strengthening of National human rights institutions (NHRIs: administrative bodies set up to protect or monitor human rights in a given country), NGOs, and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights ─ almost all having taken an active interest in ending torture.
Traditional and social media have brought to light atrocities inside places of detention, prompting vital public debate on penal policies.
Regional Human Rights mechanisms have raised the significance of the challenge and have contributed to bringing the responsibility of this issue directly to States authorities.
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