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Monday, August 19, 2013

Long line of abuses: U.S hostilities in Persia as Middle East, Africa, et.al

Destabilize, demonize, depose, destroy
Editing by Carolyn Bennett

Mohammad Mosaddegh
Mohammad Mosaddegh or Mosaddeq, also spelled Masaddiq or  Mossadegh (born June 16, 1882, died March 5, 1967) was an author, administrator, lawyer, prominent parliamentarian who in 1951 became the prime minister of Iran. The democratically elected (1951 to 1953) Prime Minister of Iran's government was overthrown in a coup d’état orchestrated by the British MI6 and the United States CIA.

Mosaddeq’s administration introduced a wide range of progressive social and political reforms such as social security, rent control, and land reforms. His government’s most notable policy was the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry, which had been under British control since 1913 through the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC / AIOC) (later British Petroleum or BP).

On August 19, 1953, Mosaddegh was removed from power in a coup organized and carried out by the United States CIA at the request of Britain’s MI6 which chose Iranian General Fazlollah Zahedi to succeed Mosaddegh.

The coup is commonly referred to as ‘Operation Ajax’, after its CIA cryptonym; but in Iran it is called the Mordad 28, 1332, coup consistent with its date on the Iranian calendar.

Prime Minister Mosaddegh was imprisoned for three years then put under house arrest until his death.

he British/U.S. coup reinstalled and supported the increasingly brutal regime of the Shah (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of the Pahlavi Dynasty) until its collapse in 1979.

Majlis of Iran
(legislature, parliament)
Marking the 60th anniversary of the overthrow, Iran’s lawmakers said in a statement released by the Human Rights Bloc of the Majlis: “Today everyone knows that cutting the hands of oil-thirsty superpowers [off Iran’s oil resources] prompted these so-called advocates of democracy and freedom to topple the Iranian people’s lawful government.”

The lawmakers today characterized the 1953 U.S./Britain coup against the government of then-Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosadeq as ‘shameful and inhumane’.

Long line of abuse: U.S. foreign relations paradigm in violence

Linking actions 60 years on, the Iranian lawmakers cited the United States and Britain’s current interference in the internal affairs of Egypt, Bahrain, Syria and Afghanistan and their support of the Israeli regime and concluded that “Washington and London are the same old imperialists even if they have changed their approaches.”

Sources and notes

“Iran’s lawmakers denounce 1953 UK-, US-led coup,” August 19, 2013, http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2013/08/19/319459/mps-rap-1953-us-ukled-coup-in-iran/

Also in today’s news: “CIA admits role in 1953 Iran coup against democratically-elected Mosadeq,” August 19, 2013, http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2013/08/19/319439/cia-admits-us-role-in-iran-1953-coup/
or the first time, after 60 years, the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has published a document admitting its role in the 1953 coup. The document published on a U.S. National Security Archive website said:

‘As an act of U.S. foreign policy, the military coup that overthrew Mosadeq and his National Front Cabinet was carried out under CIA direction’.

Reza Shah Pahlavi (Persian: Rezā Ŝāh Pahlawi‎, born Rezā Khan on March 15, 1878, died July 26, 1944) was the Shah of the Imperial State of Persia beginning in December 15, 1925. In 1925, Reza Shah ousted Ahmad Shah Qajar, the last Shah of the Qajar dynasty, and founded the Pahlavi dynasty. He was forced to abdicate by the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran on September 16, 1941.

Pahlavi dynasty (1925–1979)

Reza Shah Pahlavi, army officer (Persian: Rezā Ŝāh Pahlawi‎, also spelled Riza Shah Pahlevi, original name Reza Khan, parentage: son of Abbas Ali); title: Alahazrat, Homayoun, Shahanshah, Sardar Sepah; birth/death 1878–1944; held office: Shah of the Imperial State of Persia December 15, 1925-September 16, 1941 (after deposing Ahmad Shah Qajar, the last Shah of the Qajar dynasty, and establishing the Pahlavi dynasty); end reign: Ousted 1941 (Soviet Union and Great Britain feared the shah “would cooperate with Nazi Germany to rid himself of their tutelage” so they “occupied Iran and forced Reza Shah into exile.” Mohammad Reza then replaced his father on the throne (September 16, 1941)
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi; Switzerland-educated; parentage: son of Reza Shah Pahlavi; (pro-Western foreign policy) Shah of Iran; title: Alahazrat, Homayoun, Shahanshah, Ariamehr, Bozorg Arteshtaran, Khodaygan; birth/death 1919 Tehran –1980 Cairo; held office: September 16, 1941- February 11, 1979; end reign: ousted 1979 during the Islamic Revolution.

Mohammad Mosaddegh v
Pahlavi Dynasty, U.S. /UK hegemony

Mosaddeq took his doctor of law degree at the University of Lausanne in Switzerland, returned to Iran in 1914, and was appointed governor-general of Fārs province. He remained in the government following the rise to power of Reza Khan in 1921 and served as minister of finance then briefly minister of foreign affairs. In 1923, Mosaddeq was elected to the Majlis (parliament) but in 1925 when Reza Khan was elected shah (as Reza Shah Pahlavi), Mosaddeq opposed the move and was compelled to retire to private life; but he reentered public service in 1944, following Reza Shah’s forced abdication in 1941. Mosaddeq was again elected to the Majlis and in March 1951 the Majlis passed his oil-nationalization act. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi appointed him premier.

Mohammad Mosaddegh (Mosaddeq), the democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran from 1951 to 1953, had his government overthrown in a coup d’état orchestrated by secret agencies British MI6 and the United States CIA in August of 1953. Their coup reinstalled and supported the increasingly brutal regime of the Shah (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi) until its collapse in 1979.

Majlis or Mejlis (parliament, legislature, council, assembly)
Iran’s Majlis (Press TV file photo)

The Majlis refers to a legislature and is used in the name of legislative councils or assemblies in some of the states where Islamic culture dominates.

Majlis (or Mejlis; Arabic: مجلس‎, pl. مجالس Majālis) is an Arabic term meaning ‘a place of sitting’, used in the context of ‘council’, to describe various types of special gatherings among common interest groups: administrative, social or religious in countries with linguistic or cultural connections to Islamic countries. It shares its root with the verb meaning ‘to sit’.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Majlis

Encyclopedic sources Wikipedia and Britannica


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