|Migrants in |
war-torn Misrata, Libya
War never ends when politicians and war makers announce its ending.
|Flood victims in war-torn Pakistan|
|Cholera in Haiti|
|Child migrants in Pakistan|
|Egypt Britannica map|
|Internally Displaced in Somalia|
|Bangladeshi workers |
forced to flee Libya
Every year there are an estimated 3-5 million cholera cases worldwide and 100,000-120,000 deaths from the disease whose short incubation period of two hours to five days enhances the potentially explosive pattern of outbreaks, according to the World Health Organization.
A 2010 mid-year UNICEF report said, “The good performance of recent rains [had] initiated a process of recovery for drought-affected women and children in Kenya’s pastoral and marginal agricultural areas. However, this recovery [was] uneven and moderated by persistently high food prices and the cumulative impact of previous poor rainy seasons, which have diminished resilience at the household level.
|Kenya Britannica map|
“While availability of water has improved in recent months, cholera outbreaks continue, despite scaled-up prevention efforts. Rains have also caused localized flooding and landslides in many parts of the country affecting up to 130,000 people, heightening their vulnerability to disease and limiting access to basic services. An upsurge in cases of malaria is anticipated due to the wet conditions that have prevailed over the previous months.
“Flooding and poor sanitation among displaced people leads to cholera outbreaks and acute watery diarrhea in a number of countries in eastern and southern Africa. Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, and Ethiopia have reported cumulatively more than 3,200 cholera cases and over 25 deaths between January and April 2010. Highest numbers of cases were recorded in Zambia with 4,421 cases of cholera and 72 deaths (case fatality rate of 1.6 per cent).
“The impact of natural disasters and political crisis in countries in the Southern Africa region were complicated by the high levels of HIV/AIDS prevalence. The situation of armed conflict presented an acute threat to children and women in Southern Somalia. The food security situation in the Greater Horn of Africa sub-region remains unchanged with 12 million people in need of humanitarian assistance.”
|Chad Britannica map|
UNICEF identified three major cross-border cholera outbreaks: the Lake Chad Basin (Chad, Cameroon, Nigeria and Niger), the West Congo Basin (Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic) and Lake Tanganyika (Democratic Republic of Congo and Burundi).
|Uganda Britannica map|
“The virulent diarrheal disease is spreading quickly along waterways between and within countries, causing an ‘unacceptably high’ rate of fatalities.”
Sweeping through west and Central Africa, one of the biggest epidemics in the vast region’s history, cholera has infected more than 85,000 people and killed at least 2,466 so far this year.
UNICEF Humanitarian Action Mid Year 2010 Review, http://www.unicef.org/files/HAR_Mid-Year_Review_2010.pdf
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