By comparison —
Afghanistan has 2 doctors and 5 nurses
Democratic Republic of the Congo has 1 doctor and 5 nurses.
Somalia has 0.5 doctors and 1 nurse.
Iraq has 5 doctors and 10 nurses.
- Use of explosive weapons by State armed forces during active hostilities, causing deaths and injuries;
- Kidnapping of health-care personnel from their place of work by armed groups;
- Killing of expatriate health-care personnel by armed groups;
- Threats by a variety of parties
Violence affecting health care — in relation to hospitals, and other health-care facilities:
- Use of explosive weapons by State armed forces during active hostilities, that – intentionally or unintentionally – strike health-care facilities, at the same time killing and injuring people;
- Armed entry into health-care facilities by State entities (State armed forces and police) with the main purpose of arresting or interrogating the wounded and the sick;
- Armed entry into or takeover of health-care facilities by armed groups to harass personnel, steal materials, occupy the premises or commandeer vehicles for their own medical or tactical purposes.
Principal forms of violence affecting medical vehicles:
- Violence by State armed forces and armed groups against vehicles and personnel en route;
- Damage to ambulances caused by State armed forces, and to a lesser extent by armed groups using improvised explosive devices;
- Harassment and delaying of ambulances or other vehicles transporting the wounded or the sick at checkpoints by State armed forces and police.
Insecurity with regard to health care (real dangers to which the wounded and sick, health-care workers, professional or not, are exposed) includes:
- Death, injury, rape, kidnapping, arrest, harassment of and threats to health-care personnel, the wounded and the sick, and other people in health care;
- Material damage, such as the physical destruction of, theft of or damage to health-care facilities or medical vehicles, or cutting off electricity and water;
- Preventing access of the wounded and the sick to health care;
- Removing wounded or sick people, against their best interests, from health care
“Health care in danger: a sixteen-country study10-08-2011 Report,” http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/reports/report-hcid-16-country-study-2011-08-10.pdf
“Health care in danger: a sixteen-country study” http://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/report/hcid-report-2011-08-10.htm
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