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UNCONSCIONABLE: http://www.unconscionableusforeignrelations.com/ http://www.unconscionableusforeignrelations.com/author/ http://www.unconscionableusforeignrelations.com/book/ http://www.unconscionableusforeignrelations.com/excerpt/ http://www.unconscionableusforeignrelations.com/contact/ http://www.unconscionableusforeignrelations.com/buy/ SearchTerm=Carolyn+LaDelle+Bennett http://www2.xlibris.com/books/webimages/wd/113472/buy.htm http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/08UNCONSCIONABLE/prweb12131656.htm http://bookstore.xlibris.com/AdvancedSearch/Default.aspx? http://bookstore.xlibris.com/Products/SKU-000757788/UNCONSCIONABLE.aspx


Saturday, December 14, 2013

State covenants with human beings never to permit torture, slavery

Liberty observes Human Rights Week
Excerpt, minor edit by Carolyn Bennett

Liberty on Human Rights

Human rights belong to every member of the human family regardless of sex, race, nationality, socio-economic group, political opinion, sexual orientation or any other status.

Human rights are universal. They apply to all people simply on the basis of being human.

Human rights are inalienable.

They cannot be taken away simply because we do not like the person seeking to exercise their rights. They can only be limited in certain tightly defined circumstances, and some rights, such as the prohibition on torture and slavery, can never be limited.

Human rights are indivisible.

You cannot pick and choose which rights you want to honor. Many rights depend on each other to be meaningful – so, for example, the right to fair trial would be meaningless without the prohibition on discrimination, and the right to free speech must go hand in hand with the right to assemble peacefully.

Human rights are owed by the State to the people – this means public bodies must respect your human rights and the Government must ensure there are laws in place so that other people respect your human rights too. For example, the right to life requires not only that the actions of those working on behalf of the State do not lead to your death, but that laws are also in place to protect you from the actions of others that might want to do you harm.
U.S. diplomat
Eleanor Roosevelt
UDHR 1948

Human rights were first recognized internationally by the Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948.

This was quickly followed by the adoption two years later of the European Convention on Human Rights. In 1998 the Human Rights Act was passed making the human rights in the European Convention on Human Rights directly enforceable in the United Kingdom. It entered into force on October 2, 2000. The UK is also a party to a number of other international instruments that seek to protect and promote other human rights.

At Liberty UK

Founded in 1934, Liberty (also known as the National Council for Civil Liberties) is a cross-party, non-party membership organization at the heart of the movement for fundamental rights and freedoms in Britain. Liberty promotes “the values of individual human dignity, equal treatment and fairness as the foundations of a democratic society.  Through public campaigning, test case litigation, parliamentary lobbying, policy analysis and providing free advice and information, Liberty campaigns to protect basic rights and freedoms through the courts, in Parliament and in the wider community.

Sources and notes

Liberty website

Right to Life
Right to Respect For Private Life

Prohibition of Torture or Degrading Treatment

Protection against Slavery
Right to Liberty and Freedom
Right to a Fair Trial

Freedom of Thought, Religion and Belief

Freedom of Assembly
Free Speech
Right to Marry
No Discrimination
Protection of Property
Right to Free Elections
Right to an Education
No Punishment without Law


Article 3 of the First Protocol: Right to free elections
Article 2 of the First Protocol: Right to education
Article 1 of the First Protocol: Protection of property
Article 14 No discrimination
Article 12 Right to marry
Article 11 Right to protest and freedom of association
Article 10 Freedom of expression
Article 9 Freedom of religion
Article 8 Right to a private and family life
Article 7 No punishment without law
Article 6 Right to a fair hearing
Article 4 No slavery or forced labor
Article 3 No torture, inhuman or degrading treatment
Article 2 Right to life
Article 5 Right to liberty 

What’s not to love, http://www.liberty-human-rights.org.uk/human-rights/human-rights/the-human-rights-act/what-the-rights-mean/index.php

Liberty: http://www.liberty-human-rights.org.uk/about/index.php

Sharmishta Chakrabarti

Sharmishta Chakrabarti is director of the British civil liberties advocacy organization Liberty (2003 - ) and Chancellor of Oxford Brookes University. Chakrabarti took her law degree at the London School of Economics and later was a barrister with UK’s Home Office.

Before her appointment as director of Liberty, Sharmishta Chakrabarti was that organization’s in-house counsel. Under her leadership, Liberty has become an outstanding “opponent of counter-terrorism legislation” and “she has campaigned against ‘excessive’ anti-terrorist measures, such as the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 (ATCSA), which followed the September 11, 2001, attacks in the United States. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shami_Chakrabarti

Shami Chakrabarti appeared this week (Friday December 13) on BBC Radio 4’s “Any Questions”, a political debate and discussion chaired by Jonathan Dimbleby,  http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b03kvd59

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