- Honduras, Myanmar and Haiti were the countries affected most by extreme weather events between 1993 and 2012.
- From the ten most affected countries (1993–2012) eight were developing countries in the low-income or lower-middle income country group, while two belong to the upper-middle income countries.
- Altogether more than 530,000 people died as a direct result of approx. 15,000 extreme weather events, and losses between 1993 and 2012 amounted to more than 2.5 trillion USD (in PPP;1 USD 1.75 trillion overall losses in original values). [PPP or purchasing power parity: the concept allows one to estimate what the exchange rate between two currencies would have to be in order for the exchange to be on par with the purchasing power of the two countries’ currencies.]
- In 2012, Haiti, the Philippines and Pakistan led the list of the most affected countries.
- The 2012 droughts and floods in large areas of the Balkan, eastern Europe and southern Russia in the aftermath of the unparalleled 2010 wildfires have proven the climate vulnerability of the region that hosts the 2013 Climate Change Conference (COP 19 in Warsaw). This should serve as a wake-up call for the region to ramp up its domestic and international climate policy positions.
- The Warsaw Summit provides the opportunity to further detail the adaptation implementation by determining the role of adaptation in the 2015 agreement and by renewing the international adaptation knowledge management.
- In Warsaw the Parties will discuss how to institutionalize the loss and damage agenda. COP 19 must make commitments towards establishing a consolidated international response for instance in the form of a mechanism.
- Many developing countries are already taking measures in preparation for climate-related disasters, promoting as well as implementing adaptation. Yet the industrialized countries must provide adequate financial and institutional support to further advance disaster preparedness and resilience of the poor countries. A substantial outcome of Warsaw would be a clear commitment to climate funding towards 2020 in general, and specific funding pledges to the Least Developed Country Fund and the Adaptation Fund.
For the international community the Warsaw Climate Summit (COP 19) represents “the midway point en route to agreeing upon a new universal climate regime (that is to be adopted in 2015 and to come into effect in 2020).
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